The A-5/U8 was another Jabo-Rei outfitted with SC-250 centerline-mounted bombs, under-wing 300-liter drop tanks and only two MG 151s; it later became the Fw 190 G-2. [48] This was especially true for older, battle-damaged aircraft that were upgraded to whatever current version the factory was manufacturing at the time of repair. 811, no further Fw 190 B models were ordered. At low altitude, the top speed and acceleration of these examples were inferior to those of Allied fighters. As a result, GM-1 Nitrous oxide boost was introduced to provide more power at altitude, but this was complex and gave boosted performance for only a short period of time. I am building plastic models since I am 12. Had it not been for the input of Behrens and Karl Borris, both of whom had originally enlisted in the Luftwaffe as mechanics, the Fw 190 program might have died before reaching the front lines. Power test are done at 12.00 o'clock setting with climb and "[2] Flight tests soon showed that the expected benefits of Tank's cooling design did not materialize, so after the first few flights, this arrangement was replaced by a smaller, more conventional spinner that covered only the hub of the three-blade VDM propeller. See more ideas about focke wulf fw 190, ww2 aircraft, wwii aircraft. 40 rpm. The new canopy included a larger piece of head armor which was supported by reinforced bracing and a large fairing. The F-8 was also fitted with the improved FuG 16 ZS radio unit, which provided much better communication with ground combat units. Several problems were encountered during the machine's flight and ground trials, mostly caused by the pressurization system for the cockpit, and for this reason the first B-series testbed airframe was retired from active service in late 1942. Tests Some A-4s were outfitted with a special Rüstsatz field conversion kit, comprising the fitting of a pair of under-wing Werfer-Granate 21 (BR 21) rocket mortars, and were designated Fw 190 A-4/R6. As it was based on the same BMW 801 engine as the A models, airframe modifications were relatively minor. differences between individual B 1 oil coolers are up to 10° C. The The panel immediately behind the exhaust outlets was unslotted, although some A-1s were retrofitted with cooling slots. The Fw 190 A-3 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, which increased power to 1,700 PS (1,700 hp; 1,300 kW) at takeoff. Engine problems plagued the 190 for much of its early development, and the entire project was threatened several times with a complete shutdown. gear change altitudes have not been flown under the same conditions, FW It was a fast and versatile fighter and was unusual in that it had an 18 cylinder radial engine. The A-7 was usually outfitted with the centerline-mounted ETC 501 rack. (used in TS during production start), with wide bladed fans ", Page, Neil. A new FuG 16 ZE radio navigation system was fitted in conjunction with a FuG 10 ZY. Many of the early models were not equipped with methanol tanks for the MW 50 boost system, which was in very short supply in any event. Although it was 10 km/h (6 mph) slower than when fitted with the small wing, V5g was much more maneuverable and had a faster climb rate. Fw 190 V12 (an A-0) would be outfitted with many of the elements which eventually led to the B series. [27], The Fw 190 A-9 was the last A-model produced, and was first built in September 1944. From todays point of view there are Some A-5s were tested with the MW 50 installation: this was a mix of 50% methyl alcohol and 50% water, which could be injected into the engine to produce a short-term power boost to 2,000 PS (1,973 hp, 1,471 kW), but this system was not adopted for serial production, yet. By overridding the supercharger boost regulator, boost pressures are increased at take-off and emergency power in low supercharger setting from 1,42 ata to 1,58 ata and … At first, the V5 used the same wings as the first two prototypes, but to allow for the larger tires, the wheel wells were enlarged by moving forward part of the leading edge of the wing root; the wing area became 15.0 m² (161 ft²). 7–19. [15][N 1] German production records make no real distinction between A-2s and A-3s, which were very similar aircraft: the total combined production was 910 airframes between October 1941 and August 1942. This gave the rear fuselage a "stretched" appearance. The catching up of the revolutions during take off is [38], Furthermore, the move to a V12 engine from a radial engine required more components to be factored into the design, most significantly the need for coolant radiators (radial engines are air-cooled). This gave the G-3/R1 a total of six 20 mm cannons. The BMW 801 D-2 is a two-row radial engine with fourteen cylinders. The introduction of the BMW 801 C-2 resulted in the Fw 190 A-2 model, first introduced in October 1941. Initial testing found that if all but two wing root mounted 20 mm MG 151 cannons (with reduced ammunition load) were removed, the Fw 190 G-1 (as it was now called) could carry a 250 kg (550 lb) or 500 kg (1,100 lb) bomb on the centerline and, via an ETC 250 rack, up to a 250 kg (550 lb) bomb under each wing. [31], Across all variants, 13,291 Fw 190 A-model aircraft were produced. Jako tìžké stíhací stroje s impozantní výzbrojí získávaly od roku 1943 na významu v jednotkách protivzdušné obrany Øíše, kde se uplatnily v boji proti tìžkým ètyømotorovým bombardérùm. In the event, the D series was rarely used against the heavy-bomber raids, as the circumstances of the war in late 1944 meant that fighter-versus-fighter combat and ground attack missions took priority. The A-4/U1 was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. By the end of December, all operational Doras, 183 in total, were converted. At full 500647 Brown 4 from 7./JG 26 and W.Nr. meet the Author: Simon Schatz : 1978 I was born in Vienna and I am working as technical employee in an architect's office. Because the outer wing MG 151s were mounted lower than the MG/FFs, new, larger hatches incorporating bulges and cartridge discharge chutes, were incorporated into the wing lower surfaces. berkay888. The C model's use of the longer DB 603 engine required more extensive changes to the airframe. Review : http://www.war.ee/modelling_area/view_article.php?id=222/ The Fw 190 A-3/U1 and U2 were single experimental Fw 190s: U1 (W.Nr 130270) was the first 190 to have the engine mount extended by 15 cm (6 in), which would be standardized on the later production A-5 model. These included a pressurized cockpit which doubled the panes of glass in the canopy so that hot air could be forced between them to prevent icing, and the addition of the GM-1 nitrous oxide injection system. Flame-dampening boxes were fitted over the exhaust exits. When this was done, the landing gear was slightly improved by enhancing the oleo struts and using reinforced tires. In 1941, he proposed a number of versions featuring new powerplants, and he suggested using turbochargers in place of superchargers. Several of these aircraft were later modified for testing engines and special equipment. Focke-Wulf's Technical description No. [7] Even with the new engine and the cooling fan, the 801 suffered from high rear-row cylinder head temperatures, which in at least one case resulted in the detonation of the fuselage-mounted MG 17 ammunition. [4], The pre-production Fw 190 A-0 series was ordered in November 1940, a total of 28 being completed. In late 1943, the Erla Maschinenwerke's Antwerp factory designed a simpler rack/drop-tank fitting, which was more streamlined than the bulky ETC 501 and could be quickly fitted or removed. The drawback was slight and minor surges that made the Fw 190 harder to fly in close formations. A total of 701 A-7s were produced from November 1943 to April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books.[26]. The first few models were shipped to the Erprobungsstaffel (formerly from II./JG 26 Schlageter) for further testing. An estimated 58 Fw 190 S-5 and S-8 models were converted or built. This was not a serious concern at the time of introduction, as most combat was taking place at medium altitudes, where the 190 had ample performance. Externally, a large round hatch was incorporated into the lower fuselage to enable the new tank to be installed, and the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and positioned around this hatch. Focke-Wulf Fw-190A-9 Fighter-Bomber. [10] The standard radio fitted was the FuG 7, although some A-1s were also equipped with FuG 25 "Erstling" IFF (identification friend or foe) equipment. The Revi gunsight was updated to the new 16B model. GORAN LAZAREVIC Luftwaffe. A third, "white <61," was also found after the war at the Verbandsfuehrerschule General der Jagdflieger.[54]. [21] The Fw 190A-4 could achieve 1,700 hp (2,100 with MW-50 boost). Kommandogerät (somewhat lower forces) and the armed forces However, due to the priority given to the Dora variant of the Fw 190 and the new Ta 152, the A-10 never made it past the prototype stage. The new wing had an area of 18.30 m² (197 ft²), and now spanned 10.506 m (34 ft 5 in). However it was faster, with a maximum speed of 680 km/h (422 mph) at 6,600 meters (21,650 ft). 5, 6, 10, 19–23. This Fw 190 A-9 with the unusual W.Nr. The D-2 engine was moved forward another 15 cm (6 in) as had been tried out earlier on the service test A-3/U1 aircraft, moving the center of gravity forward to allow more weight to be carried aft. This is a list of variants of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, with detailed descriptions. 8.05, satisfactory results have been achieved with so far 34 [30], A late-war attempt was made with the Fw 190 A-10, which was to have begun arriving in pilots' hands by March 1945 and was to be fitted with larger wings for better maneuverability at higher altitudes, which, due to internal space, could have allowed additional 30 mm (1.18 in) caliber, long-barreled MK 103 cannon to be fitted. Visible changes over the D-9 were the enlarged supercharger air intake on the starboard side cowling and the use of a wooden, broad-bladed VS 9 or 10 propeller unit utilizing three 9-27012 C-1 blades with a diameter of 3.6 m (11.8 ft). Fw 190 D-9 Handbuch 1945, pp. BMW test setting of 4.2 km) were in between 3.1 and 3.8 km. From the A-8 on, Fw 190s could be fitted with a new paddle-bladed wooden propeller, easily identified by its wide blades with curved tips. The 115 liter (30.4 US gal) capacity tank of the Oldenburg system would hold the MW 50 booster liquid, which was single purpose, while later systems were to be dual purpose, holding either MW 50 or additional fuel. The Fw 190 F-4 to F-7 designations were used for some projects, two of them made it into production and were renamed into F-8/F-9 to unify the subversion with the A-series airframe they were based on. A loop aerial for radio navigation, mounted on a small "teardrop" base was fitted under the rear fuselage, offset slightly to port, with an additional short "whip" aerial aft of this. The A-8/R2 replaced the outer wing 20 mm cannon with a 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon. Lednicer, David A. [19] [N 2], The Fw 190 A-3/U4 was a reconnaissance version with two RB 12.5 cameras in the rear fuselage and an EK 16 gun camera or a Robot II miniature camera in the leading edge of the port wing root. [1] The roll rate was 162° per second at 410 km/h (255 mph), but the aircraft had a high stall speed of 205 km/h (127 mph). Memorandum, Neuhausen near Cottbus, 17.9.1944, =============================================================================. (Data for these months is missing and probably lost. [13][14] The addition of new ventilation slots on the side of the fuselage further aided cooling, and with the widespread availability of the A-2 in the spring of 1942, the overheating problems were greatly reduced. The R1 replaced the V.Fw. Because of these changes, the A-3 model required a higher octane fuel—100 (C3) versus 87 (B4). As with the R1, the additional armor from the base G model were removed, as was the additional oil tank. Two primary Rüstsätze kits were also seen on the F-8. FW Cottbus complains, that the engine oil inlet temperatures The introduction of the higher [21] The A-5 retained the same basic armament as the A-4. It was quickly followed by other units including I./JG 26 which flew its last operations on the A-8s on 19 November 1944.[49]. The sudden change in torque hurled the aircraft into a spin. All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. One, the best known, was Rote 4 (red 4) of JV 44's Platzschutz unit. Adolf Galland flew a U7 in the spring of 1943. In some instances, the fuselage mounted MG 17s were refitted. that the engine with increased power requires a higher fuel This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Focke-Wulf Fw 190 . The A-4/U8 served as the model for the Fw 190 G-1. These fixed fairings incorporated a raised deflector to prevent hot exhaust gases from the lower exhausts spilling over onto the tires. [12] To quickly implement the fix, it was found that the re-routing could be done easily in Gruppe workshops. On the other hand, fuel saving measures for serial The A-5/U12 was the prototype installation of what was known as the R1 package from the A-6 onwards. The gear change altitudes flown so far with the TS engines (with New radio gear, including FuG 25a Erstling IFF, and an electric artificial horizon found their way into the A-5. There was no FuG 25 IFF device in the radio equipment.[19]. With nearly 1,000 examples produced between late 1944 and early 1945, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-9 was the last radial-engined Fw 190 variant to see operational service with the Luftwaffe. This engine introduced a pioneering example of an engine management system called the Kommandogerät (command-device): in effect, an electro-mechanical computer which set mixture, propeller pitch (for the constant speed propeller), boost, and magneto timing. of the 801 TS (and TU) are at about 55° C. compared to about with the 9-30341 blade, Heine Holz (Heine wood), with a basic setting The FuG 125 radio system, known as Hermine was fitted to the aircraft, as well as a heated windscreen. 2766/45 of April 1945, it was known that 17 D-13s were more than likely built, but only two were known to be in service. The 190 was suited to the Russian front being robust and reliable, and easier to fly of makeshift airfields. [11] Focke-Wulf completed 102 A-1s at the Bremen and Marienburg factories between June and October 1941. The A-9 cowling was slightly longer than that of the A-8 due to a larger annular radiator within the forward cowl for the oil system. With automatic 2700 rpm have to be reached at 1.65 ata. This pilot model was armed … ", Page, Neil. The U3 was very similar to the U1, and later served as the prototype for the Fw 190 F-1 assault fighter. Rolf Schrödeter was added. Fw 190 A-9 Memorandum, Neuhausen near Cottbus, 17.9.1944 ===== Subject: Start of serial production of BMW 801 TS in Fw 190 A-9. Designed to combat the USAAF's heavy bombers, the basic armament was upgraded to include two fuselage-mounted 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s, replacing the MG 17s. Take off with climb and combat power instead of take off power (excess power). Print Size: A1, A2. ), The Fw 190 A-7 was a production derivative of the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype, and entered production in November 1943. 10 yıl önce | 176 görüntüleme. Focke Wulf FW190A5-A9 F&G. [59], The Fw 190F configuration was originally tested in a Fw 190 A-0/U4, starting in May 1942. There were also several Umrüst-Bausätze kits developed for the F-8, which included the Fw 190 F-8/U1 long range JaBo, fitted with underwing V.Mtt-Schloß shackles to hold two 300 L (80 US gal) fuel tanks. As part of this upgrade, a modification to the exhaust system devised by III./JG 26's Technical Officer ("T.O.") These aerials were fitted on all later Fw 190 variants. V18 was later modified to the V18/U1, with a "downgraded" 603A engine, but a new DVL turbocharger that improved power to 1,600 PS at an altitude of 10,700 m (35,105 ft). This Fw 190 A-8 "Black 7" wore the above paint scheme when captured by the Americans right at the end of the war. This left insufficient room for the three cowling toggle latches, which were moved to the side panels. Axworthy, Mark, CornelScafeș and Cristian Crăciunoiu. TS-engines. Much of the airframe was strengthened and in order to balance the heavier engine, the cockpit was moved back in the fuselage and the engine mounted on longer struts. The BMW 139 (and the 801 that followed) had originally been designed as a high-power replacement for earlier engines like the BMW 132 that were used primarily on low-altitude cargo aircraft and bombers. The 12-blade cooling fan was initially changed to a 14-blade fan, but it consumed more power to operate and did not really improve cooling; thus BMW reverted to the 12-blade fan. In order to avoid power loss at the high power settings Due to war conditions, the manufacturing environment, and the use of special workshops during the later years of the war, the actual number of G models built is almost impossible to determine. All Fw 190s which carried the centerline racks had their inner wheel well doors removed and replaced by fixed fairings which were, in effect, a cutaway door. Production totaled only 80 aircraft before the advent of the Fw 190A-8. The U2 was designed as a night Jabo-Rei and featured anti-reflective fittings and exhaust flame dampeners. Another, white chevron, was found at München-Riem, and may have served with JV 44 after serving at the Verbandsführerschule General der Jagdflieger (Training School for Unit Leaders) at Bad Wörishofen; it is not known if it was actually used operationally. However, it will not be flown because it is the only remaining D-13. Tank's artificial horizon toppled (the cause is not explained). The Fw 190 was on its back, with little airspeed. There were four distinct versions of the Fw 190 G: The Fw 190 G-1: The first Fw 190 Gs were based on the Fw 190 A-4/U8 JaBo Rei's. [36] This "pouch" led to the "Känguruh" (Kangaroo) nickname for these models. A censored version of this profile was published in the book: Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Österreich. [43] Sporting good handling and performance characteristics, the D-9 made an effective medium altitude, high speed interceptor, although its performance still fell away at altitudes above about 6,000 m (20,000 ft). [20], In autumn 1942, a political decision diverted 72 new aircraft to Turkey in an effort to keep that country friendly to the Axis powers. At least 963 A-6s were built from July 1943 ending in April 1944, according to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports and Focke-Wulf production books. three dipole antenna elements vertically mounted fore and aft, "Illustration of the fan on cutaway drawing. In 1945 the ETC 50 was replaced with the ETC 70, capable of holding 70 kg bombs. The Fw 190 G was built as a long-range attack aircraft (Jagdbomber mit vergrösserter Reichweite - abbreviated JaBo Rei). ", "Modeller's guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 variants, radial engine versions - part II. A-8s were produced by at least eight factories during its lifetime. US evaluation of captured Fw 190 A-4 (PDF file), The Flying Heritage Collection's Fw 190A fires up its BMW 801 engine, The Flying Heritage Collection's Fw 190D fires up its Jumo 213 engine, Modeller's Guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Variants, Radial Engine Versions Part I, Modeller's Guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Variants, Radial Engine Versions Part II, Reich Air Ministry (RLM) aircraft designations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Focke-Wulf_Fw_190_variants&oldid=995493614, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Side view of S-8 Wk Nr 584219, "Black 38". [citation needed] "The Sturmgruppen—Bomber Destroyers 1944. [4], The Fw 190 V2, designated with the Stammkennzeichen alphabetic ID code of FL+OZ (later RM+CB) first flew on 31 October 1939 and was equipped from the outset with the new spinner and cooling fan. [47] While inferior to the A-series in roll rate, the "D" was superior in turn rate, climb, dive and horizontal speed. The first D-0 prototype was completed in October 1942, consisting of an A-5 airframe with the Jumo 213A engine. Some late model Doras were also fitted with the broader-chord Ta 152 vertical stabilizer and rudder, often called "Big Tails" by the Luftwaffe ground crews and pilots, as seen on W.Nr. The additional weight of the new weapon systems required strengthening of the wheels, adding a reinforced rim to better deal with typical combat airfield conditions. Bildir. of 25° = 12.25 o'clock, limit low pitch 12.25 o'clock, high pitch Even before the Fw 190 A was put into service, its high-altitude performance was seen to be deficient. There were two main reasons for development of the fighterproject known later as the Focke-Wulf 190. Two 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannons were installed in the outer wings to complement the 20 mm MG 151s in the inboard positions. [18] The A-3 also introduced the Umrüst-Bausätze factory conversion sets. The U2 was armed with only two 20 mm MG 151 cannon. Select options Show Details. Login Register. One was fitted with two MG 17s, two 20 mm MG 151s and two 20 mm MG-FFs. Only about 3° C higher oil temperatures were reached by A new outwardly bulged main canopy glazing format, more in the manner of a Malcolm hood rather than a bubble canopy, with greatly improved vision sideways and forward, had been developed for the F-2 ground attack model, but was often seen fitted at random on A-8s, F-8s and G-8s. Some G-2s were also fitted with the additional oil tank in place of the MG 17s; however, not all were outfitted with the oil tank. The Fw 190 D (nicknamed the Dora; or Long-Nose Dora, "Langnasen-Dora") was intended to improve on the high-altitude performance of the A-series enough to make it useful against the American heavy bombers of the era. as follows: Testing for increasing the oil temperature. A total of 432 Fw 190 F-3s were built.[60]. [38], Early D-9s reached service without the MW 50 installation, but in the meantime Junkers produced a kit to increase manifold pressure (Ladedrucksteigerungs-Rüstsatz) that increased engine output by 150 PS to 1,900 PS, and was effective up to 5,000 m (16,400 ft) altitude. [9], The Fw 190 A-1 rolled off the assembly lines in June 1941. These were designated Fw 190 A-3a (a=ausländisch (foreign), designation for export models) and delivered between October 1942 and March 1943. Several old Fw 190 A-5s, and later in 1944 A-8s, were converted by replacing the MW 50 tank with a second cockpit. In its initial layout, the B-1 was to be fitted with four 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s and two 20 mm MG-FFs. Dozens of F-8s served as various testbeds for anti-tank armament, including the WGr.28 280 mm air-to-ground missile, probably based on the projectiles from the Nbw 41 heavy ground-barrage rocket system, and the 88 mm (3.46 in) Panzerschreck 2 rockets, Panzerblitz 1 and R4M rockets. Typically the G-1s flew with underwing fuel tanks, fitted via the VTr-Ju 87 rack. It was first used on the A-4, the 18 known A-4/U3 were later redesignated Fw 190 F-1. Several A-6s, A-7s and A-8s of JG 26 were fitted with these racks (one such aircraft was A-8 W.Nr.170346 Black 13 flown by Obstlt. Nov 24, 2015 - Explore Robert Zimmerman's board "Focke-Wulf Fw 190" on Pinterest. The weight increase with all of the modifications was substantial, about 635 kg (1,400 lb), leading to higher wing loading and a deterioration in handling. The new V.Fw. Due to the similarities with the F-8, the G-8 was only in production for a short amount of time. Focke-Wulf Fw 190 - Part VI. Örnektir ! [22] A total of 976 A-4s were built between June 1942 and March 1943.[23]. [10] The A-1 models still suffered from the overheating that prototype Fw 190s had experienced during testing. Hans Hartigs recalled that only one of the first batch of Dora 9s received by the First Gruppe had methanol water injection, and the rest had a top speed of only 590 km/h (360 mph). [46] The wings of the D-9 still had the electrical circuits and attachment points for the underwing BR 21 rocket propelled mortar, although none appeared to have used these operationally. 1023 mbar). The F-3 could carry an 80 US gal (300 liter) standard Luftwaffe drop tank. Like the C models, the early examples of the D models were built primarily to test fit the Jumo 213 engine to the existing airframe, as the D-0, with plans to move on to definitive high-altitude models later, the D-1 and D-2. The rest of the armament fit stayed the same as earlier versions; two wing root-mounted 20 mm MG 151s and two outer wing-mounted 20 mm MG 151s. In the second half of thethirties, the arms race had accelerated and to the Reich AirMinistry (RLM) it was obvious that since only one kind of plane forthe fighter mission had been developed for series production, theMesserschmitt Bf-109, the RLM could not guarantee that beyond theimmediate future the Luftwaffe would still be in the lead positionin world military aviation. When fitted with the R1 kit, the G model's addition armor was typically not used, and the PKS11 removed. The A-9 was very similar to the A-8 in regards to the armament and Rüstsätze kits. [citation needed], Approximately 1,300 Fw 190 Gs of all variants were new built. With the removal of the fuselage mounted MG 17s, an additional oil tank was added to support the BMW 801 D-2 engine's longer run times. After the completion of W.Nr. Of the 17 Dora-11s delivered, three can be accounted for. The U3 was a Jabo fighter fitted with ETC 501s for drop tanks and bombs; it too featured only two MG 151s for armament. These negative opinions existed for some time until positive pilot feedback began arriving at Focke-Wulf and the Luftwaffe command structure. With this engine, the V16 was able to reach 725 km/h (450 mph) at 6,800 m (22,310 ft), a considerable improvement over the 650 km/h (400 mph) at 5,200 m (17,060 ft) of the basic A models. The BMW 801 engine was similar in diameter to the 139, although it was heavier and longer by a considerable margin. Its maximum speed was 670 km/h (420 mph) at 6,250 m (20,510 ft). The A-7 had a maximum take-off weight of 8818lb (4000 kg). FW 190 A9. reducing the nose ring gap to 4 - 6 mm. power. To further aid balance, the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and located in the new bay. Armament consisted of two fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s, two wing root-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s - with all four MG 17s synchronized to fire through the propeller arc - and two outboard wing-mounted 20 mm MG FF/Ms. [50] One unit, known as the Würger-Staffel, was created in April 1945 by Lieutenant Heinz Sachsenberg at the behest of Adolf Galland, and was part of JV 44. [37] Production started in August 1944. The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 was the second standard-fighter of the German Luftwaffe during WWII beside the Messerschmitt Bf 109. It soon showed exceptional qualities for such a comparatively small aircraft, with excellent handling, good visibility and speed (initially around 610 km/h (380 mph)). The A-7 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, again producing 1,700 PS (1,677 hp, 1,267.5 kW). The propeller shaft passed through the fan's central plate, which was made of cast magnesium. To keep the design as simple and as aerodynamic as possible, Tank used an annular radiator (the AJA 180 L) installed at the front of the engine, similar to the configuration used in the Jumo powered versions of the Junkers Ju 88. This aircraft was similar to the B-0, but had slightly different armament. controllable. V této roli byla významná pøedevším verze A-8 a její pancéøovaná varianta A-8/R2. Prototypes for all three models were ordered.[35]. The retraction mechanism was changed from hydraulic to electrically powered, which became a hallmark of later Focke-Wulf aircraft system designs, and new strut door fairings of a simplified design were fitted to the legs.